Przyslala Ewa Korulska
In response to European criticism of the August 23, 1939 Treaty of Non-aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, a.k.a. the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, named after the Soviet and Nazi foreign ministers who signed it, current Russian president Vladimir Putin excoriated Poland’s pre-war ambassador to Nazi Germany, Józef Lipski, as “scum and an anti-Semitic pig” for extolling Hitler and suggesting the latter deserved a monument for his idea of expelling Europe’s Jews to Africa.
Soviet leader Joseph Stalin signed the pact with Hitler to allow the Soviet Union control over eastern Poland following the Sept. 1, 1939 Nazi invasion. Stalin remained loyal to the pact even as his spies in Berlin were warning him in 1940 that a Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union was coming.
A 1937 Franco-Polish map of proposed sites for the resettlement of European Jews in Madagascar. / Lazdona via Wikimedia